AN INTRODUCTION TO ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY

Anatomy- It is a branch of science which deals with study of Internal  &  External Gross Structure of human body.

Physiology– It is a branch of science which deals with study of Functional Aspects of body.

VARIOUS SYSTEM OF THE HUMAN BODY

Sr. No Name of system Function
1. Skeletal 1. Supporting structure
2. Protection to delicate organs
2. Muscular 1. Help to give body its shape
2. Power to move in all directions
3. Nervous Control & Co-ordinate functions of various parts of body
4. Circulatory 1.To supply Oxygen & nutrient to all parts of body
2.Remove all waste products from the body.
5. Respiratory 1. Supply oxygen to the body
2. Excrete carbon dioxide & water vapour from the body.
6. Digestive 1. Digestion of food
2. Absorption of food
7. Excretory Removes waste products from body
8. Endocrine Secretes hormones & they regulate body processes
9. Reproductive Transmits life from one generation to another

The human body is built round the bony framework or skeleton which consists of the following parts:-

a)The head & neck

b)The Trunk –thorax, abdomen & Pelvis.

c)The limbs, both upper & lower.

Body is divided into 4 cavities;

a)Cranial

b)Thoracic

c)Abdominal

d)Pelvic

Cranial Thoracic Abdominal Pelvic
Brain Skull Lungs Heart Trachea Bronchi Oesophagus Stomach Small intestine Most of large intestine Liver Gall bladder Pancreas Spleen Kidney Upper part of uterus Lower part of large intestine Few loops of Small intestine Urinary bladder Urethra Reproductive organs

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to be continue in next slide “TERMINOLOGIES”

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